Water and Geopolitics in the Middle East and the Nile Basin: Local Actors, Middle East Powers and Superpowers（2020_2_40_007）
This research project addresses water resources from an international relations perspective. It looks into the role of non-riparian states in influencing hydropower relations and policies of riparian states sharing transboundary waters. The research examines the rising influence of the Arab Gulf states and private investments from non-basin countries in the Nile River basin and their impact on conflict and cooperation over transboundary water relations between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia. The Gulf Arab states’ rising influence in the Nile basin stems from their recent surge in political, economic and military engagement across the Red Sea region and in the Horn of Africa. The significance of this research lies in emphasizing the need for linking both the Middle East and Horn of Africa regions, which has been overlooked by academics and policy makers, in examining changing hegemonic configurations and control of water resources among riparian states in the Nile basin. The research explores (1) the motives behind the current rivalries and competition in the Red Sea region, in particular, between Qatar, Turkey, UAE, Saudi Arabia, China and USA, and the impact of such rivalries on the domestic politics of states of the African Red Sea coast; and (2) the project examines how the non-basin states and private investors have affected the shifts in the hydro-political terrain of the Nile Basin, particularity relations between upstream and downstream states.
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- 外部投稿（IDE Research BulletinおよびDiscussion Paper）