IDE Research Columns
Japan’s East Asia Economic Strategy toward Economic Revival
Published on 03/02/23
Aside from the serious impact of the coronavirus pandemic, the Japanese economy has been experiencing sluggish growth for several decades, and its prospects are not favorable mainly due to its declining population. One effective way for Japan to revive its economy and achieve growth is to expand and intensify its economic relationship with fast-growing East Asian countries. Japan succeeded in establishing two regional free trade agreements—Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) and Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)—with these countries. Japan needs to play a role in setting up an effective monitoring system to ensure the implementation and enforcement of commitments by CPTPP and RCEP members. Due to the increased uncertainty in the world economy, Japan is expected to contribute to the reform of the World Trade Organization (WTO) for establishing a rule-based free and open trade environment at the global level so that WTO members can conduct business efficiently and achieve economic growth.
The Role of Sudan in Egypt’s Waning Hegemonic Position in the Nile Basin
Published on 02/09/23
Historically, Egypt has enjoyed a long-standing hydro-hegemonic position in the Nile basin. However, major shifts in regional power structures have challenged Egypt’s domination over the Nile. This is particularly true for Ethiopia, as it began building the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) in 2011 without prior consultation with Egypt. The GERD resulted in a major dispute between the two countries. However, news coverage of the dispute almost entirely overlooks Sudan’s influence on shifting the balance of power within the Nile basin. This research aims to investigate the decline of Egypt’s hydro hegemony, the factors that resulted in the waning of the decades-long Egyptian Sudanese alliance, and Sudan’s role in the reconfiguration of the hydro political landscape in the Nile Basin.
Why Has Taiwan, a Nonparty to the Paris Agreement, Been Proactively Addressing Climate Change?
Published on 01/30/23
Taiwan is not an official member of the United Nations but has been actively addressing climate change along with the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It announced its official target in 2015, following the Paris Agreement, and submitted it to the secretariat of the UNFCCC. In March 2022, it further released its Net-Zero Emissions Roadmap and Strategy. Thus, the question emerges: why is Taiwan eager to address these issues? This article outlines three possible motivations, namely, climate impact, international participation, and economic development.
International Nurse Migration from India: Time to Say Goodbye?
Published on 01/19/23
International nurse migration has increased recently in response to the growing global demand for nurses. India is among the major nurse-sending countries, and it fills the shortages in destination countries. However, the country itself is experiencing the shortage of nurses. Emigration from India is mainly explained by the gap between the private and public sectors in terms of remuneration, working conditions, and workplace environment in the country. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has further increased the demand for nurses. Unless the working conditions of nurses are improved and decent work is created in India, the country will continually remain a major nurse-supplying country and will present with shortages.