Discussion Papers

No.846 Using Truck Probe Data to Measure Border Clearance Time: Evidence from Thailand

by Kazunobu Hayakawa, Souknilanh Keola, Shujiro Urata

March 2022


This study proposes a new approach for measuring border clearance time using truck probe data. Specifically, by using Global Positioning System (GPS) logs of trucks that cross border gates between two bordering countries, we measured the time for crossing the border gates in various ways. To demonstrate how this approach works, we employed probe data in Thailand, which included GPS logs of trucks that crossed Thai border gates to neighboring countries. We found some differences in the time required near the border area among different borders. For example, on the border with Laos, a large part of the time seems to be spent near the border. We also detected sudden increases in the time taken for customs clearance at the border with Malaysia. Furthermore, we empirically investigated how an increase in exports handled at the border changes the border crossing time. We found that it increases the border clearance time mainly because of the congestion in customs clearance and immigration procedure rather than on the nearby roads.

Keywords: Probe data, Border time, Thailand

JEL classification: F10, R40

Please note that discussion papers are works in various stages of progress and most have not been edited and proofread and may contain errors of fact or judgment. Revised versions of these papers may subsequently appear in more formal publication series. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s). The IDE does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included and accepts no responsibility for any consequences arising from its use.