Discussion Papers

No.731 Hamas's Ascension and its International Relations:Literature Review

by Aiko Nishikida

November 2018


This paper focuses on a literature review and summarizes the international relations in which Hamas or its preceding Muslim Brotherhood in Palestine has been situated. Its relations with Israel, the U.S., Russia, Iran, and other Arab countries are overviewed based on previous studies. The diplomatic policy of Hamas is also investigated regarding its own approach and relations with other countries.

Keywords:Hamas, International relations, Muslim Brotherhood, Election, Diplomacy

JEL classification:F50, N45

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