Discussion Papers

No.617 Spatial Structures of Manufacturing Clusters in Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, and Thailand

by Toshitaka GOKAN , Ikuo KUROIWA , Nuttawut LAKSANAPANYAKUL, and Yasushi UEKI

September 2016


Examining the spatial structure of clusters is essential for deriving regional development policy implications. In this study, we identify the manufacturing clusters in Cambodia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, and Thailand, using two indices—global extent (GE) and local density (LD)—as proposed by Mori and Smith (2013). We also analyze four different combinations of these indices to highlight the spatial structures of industrial agglomerations. Since industrial clusters often spread over administrative boundaries, the GE and LD indices—along with cluster mapping—display how the detected clusters fit into specific spatial structures.

Keywords: Industrial agglomeration, Cluster analysis, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand
JEL classification: L60; R12; R14

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