No.594 DANGEROUS UNIONS: Mapping Human Smuggling and Human Trafficking in International Marriage Through Japan’s Legal Response
by Douglas MacLean, J.D.
International marriages, particularly commercially brokered arrangements, have rapidly increased throughout East and Southeast Asia, with more women from less developed countries moving to richer destinations. The increasing prevalence of brokered marriages, and the overall numbers of marriage migrants, provides cover for criminal organizations to smuggle labor migrants on false marriages, and to send some migrants into what are clearly human trafficking situations.
Keywords: human trafficking, human smuggling, criminal justice, migration, Japan
JEL classification: F15, O14, O30
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