Discussion Papers

No.072 The Nature of the State in Afghanistan and Its Relations with Neighboring Countries

by SUZUKI Hitoshi

August 2006


Since the formation of Afghanistan, its nature as a Pashtun state has affected all its international relations. On the other hand, the fact that it was originally established as a buffer state between Britain and Russia still governs its national integration. In this article I examine Afghanistan's relations with its neighbors through an investigation of its history and the present conditions of its borders with its southern, western and northern neighbors. My aim is to obtain an overall perspective of Afghanistan's relations with its neighbors, historically decisive elements, and the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks.

Keywords: Afghanistan, bordering countries, Durand Line, September 11

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