Research Activities

Research Projects 2023

Between Bilateralism and Multilateralism: Anatomy of Trilateralism and Quadruplism


Our understanding on multilateral and bilateralism is still in a primitive stage. The flip side of this is the fact that we know little about trilateral (trilateralism) and quadruple (quadruplism). The question is not limited to the “number”; quality of cooperation may differ. By conducting theoretical and empirical investigation into trilateralism and quadruplism, this study attempts to have a better understanding of multilateral and bilateralism.


April 2022 - March 2024

Role Member
[ Organizer ] Hamanaka, Shintaro
Expected Outcome
  • Paper Submission to Peer-Reviewed Journal