Research Activities

Research Projects

Between Bilateralism and Multilateralism: Anatomy of Trilateralism and Quadruplism(2022_2_40_014)


Our understanding of multilateralism and bilateralism is still in a primitive stage, and we know even less about trilateralism and quadruplism. The question is not limited to the “number,” but also how the quality of cooperation may differ. By conducting theoretical and empirical investigations of trilateralism and quadruplism, this study attempts to obtain a better understanding of multilateral and bilateralism.


April 2022 - March 2024

Leader of the Research Project

Hamanaka, Shintaro


Paper Submission to Peer-Reviewed Journal