Seminar & Events

International Symposium

Evolving Sources of Value-added: Good-jobs, Bad-jobs?

In recent years, production networks in East Asia have been expanding beyond borders, with their system of international division of labor becoming increasingly complex. Production processes are being sub-divided, incorporating more countries in the supply chain of a single product. Given these trends, there are concerns in developed countries with advanced technologies and high wages that employment in their manufacturing sectors is being transferred to countries with lower technologies and wages, which is hollowing out their economies.

In developing countries, on the other hand, there are fears that good jobs will remain in developed countries, with only low value-added bad jobs being transferred to them.

Export-led Asian countries have achieved economic growth and development by participating actively in supply chains. However, their growth will come to a halt if they only receive bad jobs. To achieve further growth, they need to take the next step up from industrialization.

The Institute of Developing Economies has been studying global value chains in a completely new effort to understand international trade, not as flows of goods and services but as flows of value added in their production processes. Moreover, in the “World Development Report 2013,” the World Bank raises various issues to promote an understanding of the roles of jobs in overall development—what are the good jobs that contribute to development and what employment policies should be implemented.

At this symposium, we re-examine the significance of good jobs and bad jobs in developed and developing countries based on global value chains. Dr. Richard E. Baldwin (Professor of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva, and University of Oxford), who is a leading figure in studies on international trade, will present the academic and policy implications of the results of research focusing on this new concept, while Dr. Martin Rama (Chief Economist for the South Asia region of the World Bank), who headed the team that wrote “Jobs” (World Development Report 2013), will give the keynote report. There will be panel discussions with researchers and experts from universities in Japan and overseas, as well as the Institute of Developing Economies, to examine the impacts of globalization on the economic development of developing countries, and on Japan, from the viewpoint of good jobs and bad jobs, and to address impacts in the field of development policies and on Japan’s growth strategy, as well as our responses going forward.


March 19, 2015 (Thursday) 14:00-16:55 (Registration opens at 13:30)

14:00-14.20 Opening remarks
Keynote Speech1:
Evolving globalisation and evolving sources of value added in manufacturing
Richard E. Baldwin
Professor of International Economics, The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva
Keynote Speech2:
Wage employment, mobility and development
Martin Rama
Chief Economist, South Asia, The World Bank
15:20-15:35 Coffee Break
Panel Session
Panel 1:
Unveiling the evolving sources of value added in exports
Tadashi Ito
Director, Technological Innovation and Economic Growth Studies Group, Inter-disciplinary Studies Center, IDE-JETRO
Panel 2:
Production fragmentation, Upstreamness and value-added: Evidence from Factory Asia 1985-2005
Pierre-Louis Vezina
Lecturer in Economics, University of Birmingham
Panel 3:
Trade liberalization in manufacturing and the provision of post-production services: A theoretical perspective
Hiroshi Mukunoki
Professor, Faculty of Economics, Gakushuin University
Takashi Shiraishi
President, IDE-JETRO
Richard E. Baldwin, Martin Rama, Pierre-Louis Vézina, Hiroshi Mukunoki, Tadashi Ito
16:50-16:55 Closing Remarks

Simultaneous interpretation in Japanese and English will be available


IDE-JETRO, The World bank, The Asahi Shimbun Company

Participation fee:
  • Non-members: 4,000 JPY
  • JETRO or IDE-JETRO members (Organization): Free for 2 participants per 1 account.
  • IDE-JETRO members (individual):2,000JPY
  • Student: 2,000JPY

External Relations Division, Research Promotion Department, IDE-JETRO
E-mail:sympo-sc E-mail