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Myanmar's Foreign Exchange Market: Controls, Reforms, and Informal Market


『Myanmar's Foreign Exchange Market: Controls, Reforms, and Informal Market』
by Koji Kubo / Published in 2018発行 / ISBN978-981-13-1788-0
This is the first book dedicated to the scrutinization of Myanmar's unofficial foreign exchange market, its roots in restrictive administrative controls on foreign exchange and international trade, and its effects on the country’s economic performance. This book integrates vast pieces of records and data with first-hand information from extensive fieldwork to create an overall picture of the chaotic but seemingly efficient foreign exchange market in Myanmar, a transitional economy in Southeast Asia whose economic systems had been less known due to its isolation until recently. This book illustrates how the unofficial foreign exchange market emerged during the country’s transition to a market-based economy, how informal currency deals proliferated under restrictive controls, and why they persist despite the significant economic reforms since 2011. Refuting the conventional wisdom of foreign exchange policy reforms, this research clarifies path-dependent features of foreign exchange market systems, and it discusses possible solutions for modernizing economic systems. This book is highly recommended to readers who seek an in-depth analytical narrative about informal economic activities and foreign exchange policy reforms in a fragile state. 

Participation in Housing Movements in São Paulo—Agency, Structure and Institutionalization—

Editora CRV

『Participation in Housing Movements in São Paulo—Agency, Structure and Institutionalization—』
by Ryohei Konta / Published in 2018発行 / ISBN978-85-444-2500-8
The book attempts to identify a way in which the urban poor people participate in social movements, which the previous studies has overlooked. The study analyzes the interactive relationships between the urban poor in collective actions and the participatory governance, which is one of the structural changes in Brazil since the democratization in 1985, addressing the agency of the urban poor including the elderly people. The author conducted the field researches on housing movements in São Paulo during the first decade of the 2000s, when mainly the administrations of Workers’ Party (PT) was implementing and institutionalizing the participatory governance in Brazil. This book is the result of these researches in about 10 years, and also a reality of the struggles for better life by the poor population in São Paulo, the largest city in the Southern Hemisphere (The book in Portuguese).