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The Developing Economies

Volume 39, Number 4 (December 2001)


The Developing Economies ■ The Developing Economies Volume 39, Number 4 (December 2001)
■ B5
■ 105pp.
■ Published in December 2001
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CONTENTS

Abstract

Gustav Ranis and Frances Stewart, "Growth and Human Development: Comparative Latin American Experience," pp. 333-65.

This paper examines the interdependence between economic growth (EG) and human development (HD). We are concerned with changes in per capita income and its two-way relationship with the basic societal objective of human development. We draw on global evidence from an earlier paper by Ranis, Stewart, and Ramirez (World Development, 2000) in which global country performance over time was separated into virtuous/vicious cycles or HD/EG lopsidedness, depending on the strength of behavioral links between HD and EG. We attempt to correct the commonly held view that ensuring increases in EG automatically leads to advances in HD. We find that HD has to occur prior to, or at least simultaneously with, improvements in EG, if a country is to reach a virtuous cycle. Application to Latin America and proto-typical Latin American case studies support the proposition that policies that emphasize EG alone are unable to achieve high levels of HD.

Jonna P. Estudillo, Agnes R. Quisumbing, and Keijiro Otsuka, "Gender Differences in Wealth Transfer and Expenditure Allocation: Evidence from the Rural Philippines," pp. 366-94.

This paper examines whether there is gender bias in the intergenerational transfer of land and schooling as well as in intrahousehold allocation of expenditures. We found that among older children, sons are favored in the inheritance of land while daughters receive less land but are compensated by more schooling. The share of expenditures for theschooling for younger children of school age are found to be unaffected by the gender composition of this age group. Overall, household expenditure allocation and intergenerational transfers of wealth in the rural Philippines are equitable.

John Olatunji Adeoti, "Technology Investment in Pollution Control in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Nigerian Manufacturing," pp. 395-431.

Information on technical change aimed at mitigating the external diseconomy of production activities in developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa is limited. Based on detailed empirical information on the current characteristics of two water pollution-intensive sectors (food & beverages and textiles) in Nigeria, this paper outlines the current trends in technology adoption for water pollution control in the two sectors. We present evidence from a recent survey, which showed that the Nigerian environmental policy had been effective in stimulating technology investment in pollution control among Nigerian firms. For the control of industrial wastewater pollution, technologies adopted included the use of conventional end-of-pipe industrial wastewater treatment plants and process-integrated techniques/measures that reduced wastewater at the source.