Skills Development for Youth in Africa

IDE Research Bulletin

March 2017

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Background and Objective

Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) has become an important policy agenda for poverty reduction with expectation of assisting employment for the poor and young. African countries has substantially restructured and scaled up the TVET institutions, so that it effectively supports development of skills that fit with demand in labor market. While policy has been enhanced, few studies have investigated performance of TVET, in particular vocational education. This project fills the gap and examines vocational education in Ethiopia and Ghana, where institutional development has been proceeding ahead of other countries, in terms of performance of its graduates in a labor market, specifically skills and employability. It also explores effectiveness of vocational training in post-conflict region in Kenya, where economic and social capital was destructed and training program is expected to assist reconstruction of community through employment creation.