Transition from School to Work: Linkage of Education and Employment in India

IDE Research Bulletin

March 2016

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Youth unemployment has become a significantly challenging global issue. Sharp increases in youth unemployment and underemployment have been built upon long-standing structural obstacles, such as skill mismatch and an increase in the total youth population. These factors are preventing youth in both developed and developing countries from making a successful transition from school to work. With the pressure of youth population growth and the characteristic proportion of young people with a mismatch of skills, the proportion of young people with a stable profession in developing countries is extremely low compared to developed countries. This research aims to decipher the complex interrelationship between educational choices, achievement, and employment trends based on different education levels and types of schooling in several states in India. A macroscopic analysis on the effect of employment skills development was also conducted using industrial statistics and household surveys across the country.