Reports & Publications

"Under-Performing" or Resilient Filipino Boys in Education? Listening to Students'and Adults'Perspectives and Backgrounds:A Western Visayas Case

Discussion Papers

No.705

by Masayoshi Okabe

March 2018

ABSTRACT

This paper presents our research results based on field research in the province of Antique in Western Visayas, the Philippines. Through interviews with high school students who have had difficulties in pursing school education continuously, as well as the school principal and teachers, the major research concerns of this study include the gender patterns in schooling and education, and focus on several unique male students. In particular, this study tries to show resilience among previously out-of-school students who succeeded in returning to formal high school. In so doing, it identifies the obstacles that tend to keep Filipino boys out of school and, in contrast to their somewhat stereotyped images to date, aims to present an alternative image of "resilient" boys.

Keywords: High school; Boys' Under-performance; Poverty; Dropout; Resilience; Barkada

JEL classification: I21, I24, I31, J24

Please note that discussion papers are works in various stages of progress and most have not been edited and proofread and may contain errors of fact or judgment. Revised versions of these papers may subsequently appear in more formal publication series. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s). The IDE does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included and accepts no responsibility for any consequences arising from its use.