Effectiveness of Promoting Energy Efficiency in Thailand: the Case of Air Conditioners
by Michikazu Kojima and Mariko Watanabe
This paper aims to identify the magnitude of energy efficiency improvement, which has been promoted through energy efficiency labeling and the Minimum Energy Performance Standard, and to compare this against the increase in the number of products and the average increase in cooling capacity. Air conditioners (ACs) are one of the major contributors to energy consumption in a household. To assess the magnitude of this factor, we developed a formula to decompose total energy consumption from ACs into the number of ACs, their average cooling capacity, and energy efficiency. In the case of ACs in Thailand, energy efficiency improvement has offset the increase in the average AC cooling capacity. However, energy consumption from ACs increases with the number of ACs.
Keywords: Energy Efficiency, Standard and Labeling, Thailand
JEL classification: D19, Q49, Z00
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