Avoiding the middle income trap: Indigenous innovative effort vs foreign innovative effort
by Byeongwoo KANG, Kaoru NABESHIMA, and Fang-Ting CHENG
This paper investigates how innovation potential of a country contributes to avoid or escape the middle income trap. We measure innovation potentials of 77 countries from 1975 to 2010 from patent data. Then, we test whether indigenous innovative efforts or foreign ones help avoid and escape middle income traps
Keywords: middle income trap, innovation, duration model
JEL classification: O40, O30, C41
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