Regional Autonomy and Socio-Economic Development in Indonesia -A Multidimensional Analysis-



Edited by T.A.Legowo, Muneo Takahashi
Published in 2003

Contents (843KB)

Acknowledgements (45KB) / T.A.Legowo//Muneo Takahashi


Chapter I

Decentralization and Democratization in Indonesia's Political Changes / Ignasius Ismanto

1. Introduction
2. Background
3. Deepening State Authoritarianism
4. The Challenge of Changes
5. Conclusion
Chapter II

Legal Framework and Problems on the 1999 Decentralization Program in Indonesia / T.A.Legowo

1. Introduction
2. Political Complexity of Regional Autonomy
 2-1. Pressures from the Society and Regions
 2-2. Problems behind the Smooth Process of Law Making
3. Political and Legal Implications
 3-1. Main Provisions
 3-2. New Structure of central-Regional Relationship
 3-3. Requirements of Related Laws and Regulations
4. Problems on Implementation
 4-1. Government's Ambiguity and Political Uncertainty
 4-2. Preserving or Solving Conflicts?
 4-3. problems of Local Capacity
5. Concluding Notes
Chapter III

Local Economic Regulations / P.Agung Pambudhi

1. Introduction
2. Picture of Local Economic Regulations
 2-1. Local Taxes
 2-2. Local Retributions/Levies
 2-3. Local Asset Management
 2-4. Local Owned Enterprises
3. Problem on Revenue Raising Local Regulations
 3-1. Problem on Law Hierarchy
 3-2. Types of Major Significant Problems of Local Regulations
  3-2-1. Zero Benefit for Retribution/Levy Paying Party
  3-2-2. Tariff Barriers on the Movement of Goods Across Regions
  3-2-3. Non-Tariff Barriers
  3-2-4. Inspection Requirements
  3-2-5. Double Taxation
  3-2-6. Third Party Contribution
  3-2-7. Loading/Unloading and Cargo Haulage Retributions/Levies
  3-2-8. Standard of Service
  3-2-9. Other Distorting Regulations
4. Causes and Implications
5. The Challenge
Chapter IV

Decentralization and Domestic Trade / Titik Anas

1. Introduction
2. Theoretical Framework Free Trade vs. Protection
3. Free Trade: Some Compelling Facts
 3-1. Indonesian Trade Liberalization
 3-2. The European Union Model
 3-3. The 1997 Intra-regional Trade Deregulations
4. Creeping Protectionism in the Decentralization Era
 4-1. New Taxes and Charges Impeding Inter-regional Trade
 4-2. PERDAs Impeding Inter-regional Trade: Selected Case Studies
 4-3. Increasing Demand for Eliminating Such Protections
5. Conclusions and Policy Recommendations
Chapter V

Indonesia's New Fiscal Relations: Issues and Problems in a More Decentralized Fiscal System / Yose Rizal Damuri

1. Introduction
2. Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in Indonesia
 2-1. Old Fiscal System
 2-2. New Fiscal Relation System
  2-2-1. Expenditure Assignment
  2-2-2. Revenue Assignment
  2-2-3. Intergovernmental Transfer
  2-2-4. Regional Loans
3. Impacts of Decentralization on Budget
 3-1. Impacts on Central Government's Budget
 3-2. Impacts on Regional Government's Budget
4. Issues and problems on Fiscal Decentralization
 4-1. Problems on Expenditure Assignment
 4-2. Vertical and Horizontal Balance
  4-2-1. Revenue and Responsibilities: Do They Match Each Other?
  4-2-2. Horizontal Imbalance: Is the Revenue Distributed Equally?
 4-3. Local Own Revenue: Greater Independency?
5. Conclusion: Prospects of Fiscal Decentralization
Chapter VI

Investment in a Decentralized Indonesia / Raymond Atje

1. Introduction
2. A Review of Economic Development Since 1980
3. Spatial Concentration of Manufacturing Production
4. Implications to Local Economic Development
5. Entrepreneurs to the Rescue?
6. Conclusion
Chapter VII

Regional Autonomy: Its Social and Cultural Impact / Medelina K.Hendytio

1. Introduction
2. On Authority
 2-1. Relationship between Local and Central Governments
 2-2. Power Struggle Over Authority
 2-3. Inconsistency of Laws and Regulations
 2-4. Employment
 2-5. Public Participation
3. Economic Aspect
 3-1. Management of Natural Resources
 3-2. Local Independence
 3-3. Local Development/Expansion
4. Social and Cultural Aspect
 4-1. Appreciation of Local Culture
 4-2. Social Conflict
 4-3. Local Isolation
 4-4. Status of Traditional Village (Desa Adat)
 4-5. Traditional Bodies and Customs
5. Concluding Remarks
Chapter VIII
1. Introduction
2. Urbanization Seen from Two Urbanization Indices
 2-1. Urbanization in Indonesia Seen from the Ratio of Urban Desa's Population
 2-2. Several Examples of the Speed of Urbanization in Indonesia
 2-3. Urbanization in Japan Seen from the Ratio of DID's Population
3. Urbanization Seen from the Ratio of Population of Municipalities/Cities
 3-1. Establishment of New Municipalities in Indonesia
 3-2. Population Increase f Municipal Areas in Indonesia
 3-3. increase fo Cities in Japan
 3-4. Population Increase of City Areas in Japan
4. Patterns of Population Distribution and Prospects for Urbanization in the Age of decentralization
 4-1. Population Distribution and the Formation of Mega Urban Regions in Indonesia
 4-2. Population Distribution and the Formation of Mega Urban Regions in Japan
5. Concluding Remarks

Glossary (213KB)