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Research Activities

Research Projects

FY 2013/2014 Research Topic: B-3-01
13th General Election in Malaysia: Issues, outcomes and implications


The 13th General Election (GE 13) in Malaysia is expected to be the country’s most tensely contested election to date. Its outcome, uncertain given the present political flux, is potentially far-reaching in terms of power restructuring. If the opposition coalition performs better than in 2008, there will be major changes to the political system affecting the viability of a two-coalition system and raising implications for pluralist politics, regional balance of power, and revisions of the policy regime. If the ruling coalition overcomes the opposition challenge in a dominant way, basic policies will be retained, but the existing ethnic framework of representation and power-sharing will come under considerable stress. As some parameters of electoral politics become infeasible, new sources of political activity, new alliances and demands for reform will combine to determine the outcome of GE 13. One issue is critically important – the conduct of GE 13 itself. The ruling coalition and the Electoral Commission insist that GE 13 will be fair and free but the opposition coalition and a broad-based movement for electoral reforms demand crucial changes to procedures and rules before the election takes place. If the election results in a ‘hung Parliament’ the political system could enter a stage of considerable instability.


April 2013 - September 2013

Members of the Research Project

[ Organizer ] KHOO Boo Teik
[ Co-researchers ] NAKAMURA Masashi
SUZUKI Ayame (Lecturer, Fukuoka Women’s University)