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Research Activities

Research Projects

FY 2012/2013 Research Topic: B-1-03
The Linkage between Agriculture and Industry in India


The purpose of this study is to examine how the simple labor force in rural areas is involved in the manufacturing sector empirically in order to clarify the character of the labor market in India. It takes the areas of Ludhiana in North India and Coimbatore in South India as samples, as both are clusters of the apparel industry.
The survey on apparel industry factories in Ludhiana conducted in September 2011 revealed that the process of involvement of the simple labor force in rural areas in the manufacturing sector was a short-term migration from rural areas, settling down in the city with family, commuting from neighboring villages, and outsourcing from factories to households in rural area. Most of the workers come to cities from poor regions as seasonal workers, and the majority of the sample factories are producing sweaters, jackets and other winter apparel for the domestic market. Factories can save on labor costs by flexibly adjusting the number of migrant workers to fluctuations in production. On the other hand, the share of local workers was relatively high at export-oriented factories. The commuter belt is within a 20 km circle where workers can commute by bicycle, and the distance of outsourcing from factories to households in villages is the same.
In 2012, a labor survey and village survey will be conducted in Ludhiana and Coimbatore. Comparisons of both cities will analyze whether they have the same phenomena.


April 2011 - February 2013

Members of the Research Project

[ Organizer ] UCHIKAWA Shuji
[ Co-researchers ] USAMI Yoshifumi (Senior Researcher University of Tokyo)
SUGIMOTO Daizo (Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics, Meijo Universtiy)
FUJITA Koichi (Professor, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University)
ISHIGAMI Etsuro (Professor, Faculty of Commerce, Fukuoka University)
FUJIMORI Azusa (Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Economics, Osaka City University)
Jesim Pais (Institute for Studies in Industrial Development)
Kamal Vatta (Punjab Agricultural University)
M. Jegadeesan (Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Madurai)


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