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Research Activities

Research Projects

FY 2010/2011 Research Topic: 4-34
Skill Formation Systems, Skill Distribution, and Comparative Advantage: A Comparison of China and India


In recent years, China and India have achieved rapid industrial development and substantial economic growth, and their presence in the global economy has expanded. However, the two countries differ substantially in their industrial development processes and comparative advantages. This research aims to explain the differences in their comparative advantages through differences in skill formation systems and their consequences: different skill distributions.

China has more equal skill distribution with a much larger semi-skilled labor force (especially at the lower-secondary education level), while India has unequal skill distribution with a small semi-skilled labor force and large portions of illiterate and highly educated people. This research empirically tests the hypothesis that those different skill distribution patterns were caused by the differences in firm demand for skills in the two countries, and then examines how the different skill distribution patterns have influenced the comparative advantages of the two countries.


April 2010 - March 2011

Members of the Research Project

[ Organizer ] ASUYAMA Yoko


  • The paper will be submitted to a refereed journal.