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Research Activities

Research Projects

FY 2010/2011 Research Topic: 4-12
Dealing with Differences: The Politics of Tolerance in Developing Countries


Why and how do individuals, groups, and states acquire attitudes or institutions that accommodate differences in ethnicity, religion, and idea? This research project aims to answer this question through the examination of (1) contact and competition between people of different opinions, (2) institutions that deter inter-group conflict or majoritarian tyranny, and (3) the way in which the state defines its citizens. Case studies, including India, Kazakhstan, and Turkey, will reveal conditions that enhance political tolerance despite political instability and insecurity.


April 2010-February 2012

Members of the Research Project

[ Organizer ] HAZAMA Yasushi
[ Co-researchers ] KONDO Norio
OKA Natsuko


  • 1st year: Interim papers
  • 2nd year: Ajia Keizai journal articles