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Research Activities

Research Projects

FY 2010/2011 Research Topic: 4-08
Social Welfare and Governmentality in Emerging Countries


The project aims to examine how and on what groundwork the social welfare system is structured and operated in emerging countries in Asia and Latin America. Thereby, the study elucidates how social welfare institutions operate to govern people. Most existing studies on social welfare in emerging countries have maintained that welfare provision should be improved through achieving universal social right. On the other hand, few studies on both developed and emerging countries address that welfare provision has served to maintain social order by intervening in people’s lives and conditioning people to behave as ideal citizens. Following the latter approach, the project aims to offer critical interpretations on social welfare practices in emerging countries. The idea of governmentality that was proposed by Foucault, which refers to the complex processes by which policies not only impose conditions but influence people’s indigenous norms of conduct so that they themselves contribute, not necessarily consciously, to a government’s model of social order, will be one of the pivotal ideas in the analysis. In the first year of the project, members will each set research questions and analytical frameworks, paying attention to the historical and cultural context of respective countries.


April 2010—March 2012

Members of the Research Project

[ Organizer ] MURAKAMI Kaoru
[ Co-researchers ] MURAKAMI Kaoru
USAMI Koichi
OSHIKAWA Fumiko (Professor, Center for Integrated Area Studies, Kyoto University)
(Associate Professor, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University)


  • Interim Report (March 2011, in Japanese)
  • Final Report (by the end of the FY2012, in Japanese)