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Research Activities

Research Projects

FY 2007/2008 Research Topic: 4-30
Growth and Changes of SMEs in Myanmar: The Case of the Sugar-Processing Industry


The Myanmar government has attempted to promote sugarcane cultivation and sugar production in order to supply the rapidly growing domestic demand through its transition from a planned economy to an open and market-oriented one in the 1990s. It constructed a number of new large-scale sugar mills mainly with the help of Chinese economic and technical assistance.

However, the results were dismal at best; the production of sugar has stagnated since the late 1990s. To the contrary, private sugar-processing SMEs have vigorously entered the industry and eventually come to occupy a significant share of the markets. What led the private sector to develop in this industry?

The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors that promoted the emergence and growth of private SMEs in the sugar-processing industry in Myanmar. Such an industry-wise case study will also contribute to a better understanding of the overall picture and changes of SMEs in Myanmar transition to a market-oriented economy.


Members of the Research Project


The results of the study will be published in Ajia Keizai (Japanese) in 2008.