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Research Activities

Research Projects

FY 2007/2008 Research Topic: 4-01
Elections and Developing Democracies in Asia

Outline

This research project investigates voting behavior in developing democracies in Asia with particular reference to cleavage-based and retrospective voting. The former pertains to voting decisions that reflect the interests and values of societal groups to which voters belong. The latter assumes that voter evaluations of the incumbent significantly affect its vote. While these two perspectives are also prevalent in developed democracies, the socioeconomic structures of developing democracies may exhibit particular features.

First, the relationship between social cleavages and party systems in emerging democracies is not as strong as in developed democracies. It is necessary at the outset to examine the representativeness of party systems. Second, most of the developing democracies are developing economies at the same time.
Governments in developing democracies are therefore more likely to be blamed for economic mismanagement and punished by voters than those in developed democracies. The countries under study include India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, and Turkey.

Period

April 2006 - March 2008

Organizer

Members of the Research Project

HAZAMA Yasushi
KONDO Norio
NAKAMURA Masashi
KAWAMURA Koichi
MIWA Hiroki (Instructor, University of Tsukuba)

Publications