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Research Activities

Research Projects

FY 2006/2007 Research Topic: 4-21
Poverty Reduction through Generating Employment Opportunities

Outline

Poverty reduction in developing countries has been the ultimate goal of international development, as agreed to at the UN Millennium Assembly in September 2000. Scholars now need to study how to effectively reduce poverty throughout the world.

In the past, there has been a tendency for studies on poverty reduction in developing countries to focus on household behavior in order to understand the lives of the poor. This research project adopts a different methodology to explore how to reduce poverty. Namely, it highlights how to raise the labor demand for the poor, which depends on behaviors and characteristics of firms rather than households and workers. More formally, it tries to determine what conditions of firms and what institutional frameworks are helpful for poverty reduction in developing countries. Some of the issues featured in the project include: employment in labor-intensive and export-oriented industries; non-farm rural employment; income generation through microfinance; employment of handicapped people; employment in the public sector; and effects of minimum wage, labor unions and social funds.

Period

April 2005 - March 2007

Organizer

Members of the Research Project

YAMAGATA Tatsufumi
HIGASHIKATA Takayuki
HAMADA Miki
ITO Seiro
MORI Soya
NOGAMI Hiroki
UCHIMURA Hiroko
DAIMON Takeshi (Associate Professor, Waseda University)
NISHIURA Akio (Associate Professor, Soka University)

Publications