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Research Activities

Research Projects

FY 2006/2007 Research Topic: 4-10
Elections and Developing Democracies in Asia


Elections are essential for democracy to function. It is very important to understand the dynamics of elections, especially voting behavior, in order to evaluate the stability of a democratic system.

Looking at research focusing on areas outside of the developed countries, the number of studies on election and voting behavior in a particular country and regional comparative studies has increased rapidly in Latin America or East Europe, after the so-called, "third wave of democratization" in the 1980s. These studies constitute an important contribution to the enrichment of theories of election and democracy. However, there is still a lack of studies of the developing Asian countries, which are in various stages of democratization, or democratic consolidation. This is particularly true for comparative studies.

In view of this situation, this research group will make comparative electoral studies of Asian developing countries. In our study, we will examine voting behavior in ethnically divided societies, the pattern of so-called retrospective voting, meaning a pattern of voting behavior based on voters' evaluations of the performance of ruling party, etc. Our comparative study of Asian developing countries will be based on institutional as well as statistical analysis.


April 2006 - March 2008


Members of the Research Project

HAZAMA Yasushi
MIWA Hiroki (Associate Professor, University of Tsukuba)