Adjustment Methods of National Input–Output Tables for Harmonized and Consistent Multi-Regional Input–Output Databases

Discussion Papers


by INOMATA Satoshi

February 2016


Despite the fact that input–output (IO) tables form a central part of the System of National Accounts, each individual country’s national IO table exhibits more or less different features and characteristics, reflecting the country’s socioeconomic idiosyncrasies. Consequently, the compilers of a multi-regional input–output table (MRIOT) are advised to thoroughly examine the conceptual as well as methodological differences among countries in the estimation of basic statistics for national IO tables and, if necessary, to carry out pre-adjustment of these tables into a common format prior to the MRIOT compilation.
The objective of this study is to provide a practical guide for harmonizing national IO tables to construct a consistent MRIOT, referring to the adjustment practices used by the Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO (IDE-JETRO) in compiling the Asian International Input–Output Table.

Keywords: input-output tables, national accounts, global value chains, MRIOT
JEL classification: C67, F14

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