Production fragmentation, Upstreamness, and Value-added: Evidence from Factory Asia 1990-2005
by Tadashi ITO and Pierre-Louis VEZINA
We exploit the recent release of the 2005 Asian Input-Output Matrix to dress a picture of the geographic fragmentation of value added in Factory Asia from 1990 to 2005. We document 3 stylized facts. The first is that the average share of foreign value added embedded in production rose by about 7 percentage points between 1990 and 2005, from 9% to 16%. The second is that, contrary to popular belief, China’s production embeds a smaller share of foreign value added than other Factory Asia countries’. Between 1990 and 2005 among Factory Asia countries China grew most after Japan as a source of value added to other countries’ production. Third, country-industries at the upstream and downstream extremities of the supply chain embed a smaller share of foreign value added than those with intermediate levels of upstreamness.
Keywords: Factory Asia, supply chains, upstreamness
JEL classification: F13, F15
Please note that discussion papers are works in various stages of progress and most have not been edited and proofread and may contain errors of fact or judgment. Revised versions of these papers may subsequently appear in more formal publication series. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s). The IDE does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included and accepts no responsibility for any consequences arising from its use.