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FTA Utilization: Certificate of Origin Data versus Customs Data

Discussion Papers

No.428

by Kazunobu HAYAKAWA, HanSung KIM, Nuttawut LAKSANAPANYAKUL, and Kohei SHIINO
September 2013

ABSTRACT

This paper empirically examines what kinds of elements affect the gap in free trade agreement (FTA) utilization with regard to customs data and certificates of origin (CoOs) data. We focus on Thai exports to Korea under the ASEAN-Korea FTA in 2011. As a result, we found that the products with the higher demand volatility or those with a larger number of tariff-line products within the same harmonized system (HS) six-digit code have the larger gap. Another important finding is that the difference between the HS version at the time of the FTA negotiation and the current HS version does not have significant association with the gap. These findings have important implications.



Keywords: Free Trade Agreement, Certificates of Origin
JEL classification: F10; F13; F15

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