Agriculture Plus Plus: Growth Strategy for Myanmar Agriculture
by Toshihiro KUDO , Satoru KUMAGAI AND Hikari ISHIDO
The development of agriculture is a main pillar of Myanmar’s growth strategies. It is natural for the Myanmar government to prioritize agriculture as a source of economic growth, since it accounted for 36% of GDP, employs a majority of labor force, and generates nearly 30% of exports as of 2010. Although the agricultural share in GDP and employment usually declines as an economy grows, it is not a sunset industry in Myanmar. Methods exist for increasing agriculture’s value added other than the growth of labor and land inputs. The key is to enhance three productivity measures: labor, land, and total productivity. We call this strategy “Agriculture Plus Plus.”
Keywords: Myanmar (Burma), Agriculture, Agriculture Plus Plus, Senary Sector of Agriculture, Growth Strategy
JEL classification: O13, O53, Q10
Please note that discussion papers are works in various stages of progress and most have not been edited and proofread and may contain errors of fact or judgment. Revised versions of these papers may subsequently appear in more formal publication series. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s). The IDE does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included and accepts no responsibility for any consequences arising from its use.