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Kenya after the 2007 “Post-Election Violence”: Constitutional Reform and the National Accord and Reconciliation Act

Discussion Papers

No.381

January 2013

ABSTRACT

Immediately after the announcement of the re-election of President Kibaki on the evening of 30 December 2007, Kenya was thrust into the worst civil unrest experienced by the country since independence – a development that became known as the “Post-Election Violence” (PEV). However, after a subsequent process of reconciliation, the PEV came to an end within a relatively short period. The present-day politics of Kenya are being conducted within the framework of a provisional Constitution that took shape through peaceful mediation. How did Kenya manage to put a lid on a period of turmoil that placed the country in unprecedented danger? This paper traces the sequence of events that led to mediation, explains the emergency measures that were needed to maintain law and order, and indicates the remaining problems that still need to be solved.


Keywords: Kenya; violence; ethnicity; 2007 election: power sharing; constitutional reform

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