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The Inverted Chinese/China Problem in Indonesia: A Preliminary analysis on the 2011 Surabaya incident

Discussion Papers

No.348

by AIZAWA Nobuhiro
March 2012

ABSTRACT

A clash between the police and journalists covering a Falun Gong gathering in Surabaya 2011 have shown a significant change in understanding the triangular relationship between Indonesia, China and the Ethnic Chinese in Indonesia. During the Suharto period, ethnic Chinese in Indonesia and China as a foreign state were the problems for the Indonesian government. After the political reforms in Indonesia together with the Rise of China in 2000s, in some situation, it is the Indonesian government together with the Chinese government which is the problem for some ethnic Chinese in Indonesia. Ethnic Chinese people were seen to be close with China and their loyalty to the nation was doubted. But now it is the Indonesian government which is viewed as being too close to China and thus harming national integrity, and suspected of being unnationalistic.


Keywords: Indonesian politics, Rise of China, Ethnic Chinese, Freedom of Press,Sovereignty

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