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Myanmar Migrant Laborers in Ranong, Thailand

Discussion Papers

No.257

by FUJITA Koichi, ENDO Tamaki, OKAMOTO Ikuko, NAKANISHI Yoshihiro, YAMADA Miwa
September 2010

ABSTRACT

Thailand is the major destination for migrants in mainland Southeast Asia, and Myanmar (Burmese) migrants account for the dominant share. This paper sheds light on the actual working conditions and the life of Myanmar migrants in Thailand, based on our intensive survey in Ranong in southern Thailand in 2009. We found a wide range of serious problems that Myanmar migrants face in everyday life: very harsh working conditions, low income, heavy indebtedness, risk of being human-trafficking victims, harassment by the police and military (especially of sex workers), high risk of illness including malaria and HIV/AIDS and limited access to affordable medical facilities, and a poor educational environment for their children.

Keywords: Migration, Household, Myanmar, Thailand
JEL classification: E26, E22, J61, R23

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