Agglomeration versus Fragmentation: A Comparison of East Asia and Europe

Discussion Papers


by HAYAKAWA Kazunobu , Zheng JI, OBASHI Ayako

August 2009


Inspired by the observed contrasting patterns of industrial distribution in East Asia and Europe, this paper conducts an empirical clarification of the difference in spatial relationships among countries within a region for the electric machinery industry by use of spatial econometric analysis. The results indicate that, while production in the electric machinery industry in a country is positively correlated with that of neighboring countries in East Asia, there is no significant spatial correlation in Europe. Such a difference in spatial interdependence has important implications for economic development in those regions.

Keywords: Agglomeration; Fragmentation; East Asia; Europe
JEL classification: N64; N65; R11; R12

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