Border Trade and Economic Zones on the North-South Economic Corridor: Focusing on the Connecting Points between the Four Countries
The North-South Economic Corridor (NSEC), the road between Bangkok and Kunming, China, including the Laos route (R3B) and the Myanmar route (R3B), has been developed since 1998 following the GMS program. The region covering Yunnan Province in China, Shan State in Myanmar, Northern Laos and Northern Thailand has historical and ethnic closeness, and is a comparatively poor mountainous, boundary area. In the wake of the development of the NSEC, however, the region has started to show signs of change.
Consequently, a review is to be carried out concerning the movement of people and cars, border trade and the situation concerning the progress of border economic zones at the five nodal border points in the four countries, and over three routes: R3A, R3B, and the Mekong River route.
Keywords: GMS, economic corridor, border trade, border economic zone, quadrangle economic zone, golden triangle, R3A, R3B, Mekong River, CBTA
JEL classification: O53, R11
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