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In Memory of Dr. Ali Al-Gritly (1913-1982): His Views on Egypt’s Experience with Socialism

Discussion Papers


by YAMADA Toshikazu
March, 2009


This essay reexamines the great contributions made by Dr. Ali Al-Gritly to Egypt. He was the finance minister for a short period at the beginning of the 1950s and later was appointed as chairman of the Bank of Alexandria.

In 1966, he completed a book (Al-Gritly [1966 (1974)]) on the economic history of Egypt. However, the book was banned from publication due to irresistible circumstances. At that time, with Arab Socialism on the ascendance, his views on certain policies were not welcomed by the top political hierarchy. In 1974, the book was finally allowed to be published, and he wrote and published another book in 1977 (Al-Gritly [1977]) on the development of the Open Door Policy and the new economic policies accompanying it.

Keywords: Ali Al-Gritly, economic history, Egypt, socialist transformation, democratic socialism, family planning
JEL classification: B31, E5, H1, O2, O3, P21, P27

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