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The Sandinista Revolution and Post-Conflict Development—Key Issues

Discussion Papers

No.119

by KAGAMI Mitsuhiro
August 2007

ABSTRACT

Following Daniel Ortega’s victory in the presidential election held in November 2006, Nicaragua has been undergoing a transition from a democratic to authoritarian system. In the 1980s, Ortega served as President of the Sandinista government and implemented a Cuban-type socialist system, but the system failed and democracy was established during 1990-2007. Considering this failure, why did Ortega succeed in taking power again? This paper provides a brief history of modern Nicaragua and gives some insights into the twists of Latin American politics. The paper was prepared for the international seminar on Helping Failed States Recover: The Role of Business in Promoting Stability and Development, organized by the University of Kansas Center for International Business Education and Research (CIBER), held on April 4-6, 2007 in Lawrence.

The opinions and views expressed herein are those of the author. All mistakes and/or errors are entirely the author’s responsibility.

Keywords: Daniel Ortega, Violeta Chamorro, Enrique Bolanos, Hugo Chavez,Sandinista, Contra, post-conflict recovery, neo-liberal, caudillo, extreme poverty,illiteracy rate

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