Agricultural Policies and Development of Myanmar's Agricultural Sector: An Overview
by FUJITA Koichi and OKAMOTO Ikuko
This paper reviews the development of the agricultural sector in Myanmar after the transition to an open economy in 1988 and analyzes the nature as well as the performance of the agricultural sector. The avoidance of social unrest and the maintenance of control by the regime are identified as the two key factors that have determined the nature of agricultural policy after 1988. A major consequence of agricultural policy has been a clear difference in development paths among the major crops. Production of crops that had a potential for development showed sluggish growth due to policy constraints, whereas there has been a self-sustaining increase in the output of those crops that have fallen outside the remit of agricultural policy.
Keywords: Agriculture, Transition, Myanmar
JEL classification: P20, Q11, Q17, Q18
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