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Regional Autonomy and Socio-Economic Development in Indonesia -A Multidimensional Analysis-

ASEDP

No.65

Edited by T.A.Legowo, Muneo Takahashi
Published in 2003

CONTENTS

Contents pdf (843KB)
Acknowledgements pdf (45KB) / T.A.Legowo//Muneo Takahashi
Abstract
Chapter I
Decentralization and Democratization in Indonesia's Political Changes / Ignasius Ismanto
1. Introduction
2. Background
3. Deepening State Authoritarianism
4. The Challenge of Changes
5. Conclusion
References


Chapter II
Legal Framework and Problems on the 1999 Decentralization Program in Indonesia / T.A.Legowo
1. Introduction
2. Political Complexity of Regional Autonomy
 2-1. Pressures from the Society and Regions
 2-2. Problems behind the Smooth Process of Law Making
3. Political and Legal Implications
 3-1. Main Provisions
 3-2. New Structure of central-Regional Relationship
 3-3. Requirements of Related Laws and Regulations
4. Problems on Implementation
 4-1. Government's Ambiguity and Political Uncertainty
 4-2. Preserving or Solving Conflicts?
 4-3. problems of Local Capacity
5. Concluding Notes
References


Chapter III
Local Economic Regulations / P.Agung Pambudhi
1. Introduction
2. Picture of Local Economic Regulations
 2-1. Local Taxes
 2-2. Local Retributions/Levies
 2-3. Local Asset Management
 2-4. Local Owned Enterprises
3. Problem on Revenue Raising Local Regulations
 3-1. Problem on Law Hierarchy
 3-2. Types of Major Significant Problems of Local Regulations
  3-2-1. Zero Benefit for Retribution/Levy Paying Party
  3-2-2. Tariff Barriers on the Movement of Goods Across Regions
  3-2-3. Non-Tariff Barriers
  3-2-4. Inspection Requirements
  3-2-5. Double Taxation
  3-2-6. Third Party Contribution
  3-2-7. Loading/Unloading and Cargo Haulage Retributions/Levies
  3-2-8. Standard of Service
  3-2-9. Other Distorting Regulations
4. Causes and Implications
5. The Challenge
References


Chapter IV
Decentralization and Domestic Trade / Titik Anas
1. Introduction
2. Theoretical Framework Free Trade vs. Protection
3. Free Trade: Some Compelling Facts
 3-1. Indonesian Trade Liberalization
 3-2. The European Union Model
 3-3. The 1997 Intra-regional Trade Deregulations
4. Creeping Protectionism in the Decentralization Era
 4-1. New Taxes and Charges Impeding Inter-regional Trade
 4-2. PERDAs Impeding Inter-regional Trade: Selected Case Studies
 4-3. Increasing Demand for Eliminating Such Protections
5. Conclusions and Policy Recommendations
References


Chapter V
Indonesia's New Fiscal Relations: Issues and Problems in a More Decentralized Fiscal System / Yose Rizal Damuri
1. Introduction
2. Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in Indonesia
 2-1. Old Fiscal System
 2-2. New Fiscal Relation System
  2-2-1. Expenditure Assignment
  2-2-2. Revenue Assignment
  2-2-3. Intergovernmental Transfer
  2-2-4. Regional Loans
3. Impacts of Decentralization on Budget
 3-1. Impacts on Central Government's Budget
 3-2. Impacts on Regional Government's Budget
4. Issues and problems on Fiscal Decentralization
 4-1. Problems on Expenditure Assignment
 4-2. Vertical and Horizontal Balance
  4-2-1. Revenue and Responsibilities: Do They Match Each Other?
  4-2-2. Horizontal Imbalance: Is the Revenue Distributed Equally?
 4-3. Local Own Revenue: Greater Independency?
5. Conclusion: Prospects of Fiscal Decentralization
References


Chapter VI
Investment in a Decentralized Indonesia / Raymond Atje
1. Introduction
2. A Review of Economic Development Since 1980
3. Spatial Concentration of Manufacturing Production
4. Implications to Local Economic Development
5. Entrepreneurs to the Rescue?
6. Conclusion
References


Chapter VII
Regional Autonomy: Its Social and Cultural Impact / Medelina K.Hendytio
1. Introduction
2. On Authority
 2-1. Relationship between Local and Central Governments
 2-2. Power Struggle Over Authority
 2-3. Inconsistency of Laws and Regulations
 2-4. Employment
 2-5. Public Participation
3. Economic Aspect
 3-1. Management of Natural Resources
 3-2. Local Independence
 3-3. Local Development/Expansion
4. Social and Cultural Aspect
 4-1. Appreciation of Local Culture
 4-2. Social Conflict
 4-3. Local Isolation
 4-4. Status of Traditional Village (Desa Adat)
 4-5. Traditional Bodies and Customs
5. Concluding Remarks
References


Chapter VIII
1. Introduction
2. Urbanization Seen from Two Urbanization Indices
 2-1. Urbanization in Indonesia Seen from the Ratio of Urban Desa's Population
 2-2. Several Examples of the Speed of Urbanization in Indonesia
 2-3. Urbanization in Japan Seen from the Ratio of DID's Population
3. Urbanization Seen from the Ratio of Population of Municipalities/Cities
 3-1. Establishment of New Municipalities in Indonesia
 3-2. Population Increase f Municipal Areas in Indonesia
 3-3. increase fo Cities in Japan
 3-4. Population Increase of City Areas in Japan
4. Patterns of Population Distribution and Prospects for Urbanization in the Age of decentralization
 4-1. Population Distribution and the Formation of Mega Urban Regions in Indonesia
 4-2. Population Distribution and the Formation of Mega Urban Regions in Japan
5. Concluding Remarks
References


Glossary pdf (213KB)