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Industrial Development in Myanmar(2): Prospects and Challenges

ASEDP

No.64

Edited by KUDO Toshihiro
Published in 2002

CONTENTS

Contents pdf (352KB)
Introduction pdf (133KB) / Toshihiro Kudo
Chapter 1
Creating and Reviewing young Enter-Preneurs in Myanmar
1. Introduction
2. Myanmar definition of Entrepreneurs
3. The role of entrepreneurs in Myanmar Economy
 3-1. Contribution to GDP
 3-2. Trade deficit
 3-3. Generation of Foreign Exchange and value of the Kyat
4. The make up of an entrepreneur
 4-1. Numbers of business owners
 4-2. Sec of business owners
 4-3. Age profile
 4-4. Race of business owners
 4-5. Education of business owners
5. Review of the top entrepreneur under 40 years old
 5-1. Origin
 5-2. Essence/Drive
 5-3. Competition
 5-4. Company survival without you
 5-5. Long Term Focus
 5-6. importance of International Exposure
6. Factors leading to business success/failure
 6-1. Factors for becoming successful
 6-2. Reasons for failure
 6-3. Environment for Development
 6-4. plans for Development
7. Major difficulties preventing entrepreneurs from emerging
 7-1. Difficulties that a new entrepreneur can face
8. The role of education in breeding entrepreneurs
 8-1. Primary Education from the ages of 5 to 11
 8-2. Secondary Education from the ages of 11 to 16
 8-3. Tertiary Education 16-18
 8-4. Higher Professional Education +18
 8-5. Language Skills
9. Recommendation on initiatives to create entrepreneurs
 9-1. Creating an entrepreneur developing organization
 9-2. Incentives for promoting business initiatives schemes
 9-3. Entrepreneurship training during education
 9-4. Business award and true entrepreneurship publicity
 9-5. Opening up of selected government control industries
10. Conclusion



Chapter 2
Agro-Industry
1. The Need For Development of Industries In Myanmar
 1-1. National Economic Objectives & Goal
 1-2. Why Industrialization is Needs
 1-3. Justification for Development of Agro-based Industries in Myanmar
 1-4. What is agro-based industrialization after all?
2. Historical Evolution of Industrial Policy: an Overview
 2-1. The British Colonial Period
 2-2. Independence Period: 1948/1962
 2-3. Socialist Period: 1962/1988
 2-4. The SLORC/SPDC Period: Since 1988 t date
3. The Present State of Industry in Myanmar
 3-1. General situations of industries
  3-1-1. Formation, Types & Performance
  3-1-2. General situations of Industries
  3-1-3. General Industrial Performance
 3-2. Agro-Based Industry Situation
  3-2-1. Classification by Ownership
  3-2-2. Food Processing Industry
 3-3. The State Manufacturing Sector
4. Situation of Selected Major Agro-Industries in Myanmar
 4-1. Rice Industry
 4-2. Edible Oil Industry
 4-3. Sugar Industry
 4-4. Textile Industry
 4-5. Jute Industry
 4-6. Other Minor Agro-Industries
  4-6-1. Food Processing
  4-6-2. Agricultural Machinery & Equipment
5. Evaluation
 5-1. Evaluation
 5-2. Constraints
6. Conclusion
 


Chapter 3
Myanmar sugare industry: Status, Issues Challenge
1. Introduction
2. Historical Background
3. Early White Sugar Factories
4. The Expanding Industry
6. Sugarcane Growing Regions
7. The Factory Location Factor
8. Sugarcane Procurement System (SEEs)
9. Sugarcane Assembly Pattern (SEEs & SMEs)
10. Sugar Production as a System
11. Cane Purchasing Price
12. Transport Burden on Cane Growers
13. Socio-economic status of Sugarcane Growers
14. Cost of Sugar Production (SEEs & SMEs)
15. Core Problem Analysis
16. Conclusion


Chapter 4
Agriculture and Township Enterprises in Adjustment
1. Introduction
2. History of Agricultural Machinery Industry in Myanmar
 2-1. Pre 1948 (Hanomag tractor)
 2-2. 1948 to March 1962 (Department of Agriculture procured tractors from abroad)
 2-3. March 1962 to March 1964 (ARDC and Wholesaler Cooperative's joint program)
 2-4. March 1964 t 1980/81 (From Wholesaler's Cooperative to ARDC)
 2-5. 1980/81 to September 1988 (From ARDC to the Village Farm Cooperatives)
3. Overview
4. Agricultural machinery Industry in Government Sector
 4-1. Introduction
 4-2. Agriculture Mechanization Department
 4-3. Farm Mechanization program (By Government sector) (Post 1988)
 4-4. Production of the farm machineries
5. Agriculture Machinery Industry in Private Sector
 5-1. History of utilization of agriculture machinery
6. The Industry Contribution to Myanmar Economic Development
7. Current Status of Agricultural Machinery Industry
8. Difficulties and Remedies
9. Recommendation for development and competitiveness
10. Conclusion
11. Appendix


Chapter 5
Automobile Industry in Myanmar
1. Introduction
2. History of automobile industry
3. The Importance of the Automobile Industry in Myanmar
 3-1. Contribution to GDP
 3-2. Dominance in the Transportation Industry
 3-3. Possible Contribution of he Automobile Industry to much needed foreign exchange & tax revenue
 3-4. Future consideration of highways as a major trade route
4. Supporting industries for the automobile Industry
 4-1. Current situation
 4-2. number of industries
 4-3. Employment & human resource development
5. Current situation of the automobile Industry
 5-1. Number of Automobiles
  5-1-1. Passengers Cars
  5-1-2. Commercial Vehicles
  5-1-3. Buses
  5-1-4. motorcycles
 5-2. Importation of automobiles
 5-3. Cost of automobiles
 5-4. Local manufacturing
 5-5. impact of current restrictions
6. Recommendation for developing the automobile industry
 6-1. Importation of automobiles
 6-2. Development of road works & highways
 6-3. Review of car/road tax &fuel costs
 6-4. Introduction of an Automobile Association
7. Conclusion


Chapter 6
Media Industry in Myanmar
1. Introduction: Aim of paper
2. History of the Media Industry
3. Growth Trends of Media Industry
4. Structure of Myanmar's Commercial Media Industry
5. Television Advertising
6. Press Advertising: Newspapers
7. Press Advertising: Journals
8. Press Advertising: Magazines
9. Outdoor Advertising
10. Conclusions


Chapter 7
Industrial Development in Myanmar: The Case of Hlaing Tharyar & South Dagon industrial Zones
1. Introduction
2. The Role of Myanmar Industries
 2-1. 1948 to 1962
 2-2. 1962 to 1988
 2-3. 1988 to 2001
 2-4. Industrial sector in Myanmar Economy
3. Establishment of Industrial Zones
 3-1. The Activities of Department of Human Settlement and Housing Development
 3-2. Establishing Industrial Zones & uplift of private industry sector
4. The Study on the Selected Industrial zones in Yangon Division
 4-1. Background of the Hlaing Tharyar Industrial Zone
 4-2. Background of the South Dagon Industrial Zone (1), (2), (3) & Dagon Seikkan Industrial Zone
 4-3. Investment of selected industries
 4-4. Production of selected industries
 4-5. Marketing capability of selected industries
 4-6. Labour utilization of selected industries
 4-7. Financial status of selected industries
5. Conclusion


Chapter 8
Industrial Development in Monywa
1. Introduction
2. Objectives
3. Industrial Development in Monywa
 3-1. Geographical Features
 3-2. Set-up of Monywa Industrial Zone
 3-3. Development Undertakings of Monywa Industrial Zone
 3-4. investment, Production and Operation
  3-4-1. Bank Loans
  3-4-2. provision of Raw Materials
  3-4-3. Production of Farm Machinery
4. Industries of the Monywa Industrial Zone
 4-1. Textile Industry Group
 4-2. Flour Mills
 4-3. Gram Grinding Mills
 4-4. Vermicelli Mils
 4-5. Noodle Factories
 4-6. Edible Oil Mills
 4-7. Welding Workshops & Other Industries
5. Beans and Pulses Market
 5-1. Domestic Market
  5-1-1. Major markets
  5-1-2. Mandalay Market
  5-1-3. Monywa Market
  5-1-4. MAPT Market
  5-1-5. Prices
 5-2. Export Market
  5-2-1. Black matpe Market
  5-2-2. Pigeon Pea Market
  5-2-3. Green Gram Market
  5-2-4. Butter Bean Market
  5-2-5. Gram Market
  5-2-6. Black-Eyed Bean Market
  5-2-7. Other Myanmar Beans & Pulses Market
 5-3. Market Research
  5-3-1. Research on Production and Trade of Crops
  5-3-2. Information on Competitors
  5-3-3. Market Research Project
6. Conclusion