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Transformation of China's Energy Industries in Market Transition and Its Prospects

ASEDP

No.58

Edited by Nobuhiro Horii, Shuhua Gu
Published in 2001

CONTENTS

Contents pdf (764KB)
Chapter 1.
An Overview: China's Energy in the Transitional Economy / Xiliang Zhang
Introduction

1. Primary Commercial Energy Production
 1-1. Overview
 1-2. Coal
 1-3. Oil
 1-4. Natural gas
 1-5. Hydro-electricity
2. Primary Commercial Energy Consumption
 2.1. Overview
 2-2. Coal
 2-3. Oil and natural gas
3. Electricity Generation and Consumption
4. New and Renewable Energy
5. Energy Intensity
6. Energy Challenges to be Faced in the Future



Chapter 2.
Introduction
1. Coal industry development during open and reform period
 1-1. Present situation of coal industry
 1-2. Deregulation in coal industry and explosive growth of small coal mines
 1-3. Background of deregulation: an alternative to the reform of State coal mines
2. The causes of the development of Town Village mines
 2-1. Mining Resource conditions
 2-2. Mining technologies
 2-3. Market structure
 2-4. Free riding
3. The evaluation of the development of the Town Village mines
 3-1. Lower resource recovery rate
 3-2. Increase of fatal accidents
 3-3. Environmental pollution
4. Background of the policy to close the small mines
 4-1. Justifications for the industrial policy in coal industry
 4-2. china's case: closure of small mines to solve externalities
5. Recent policies and their prospects
 5-1. Progress of the policies in 1990s
 5-2. Enforcement of closure of small mines
 5-3. Difficulties in the closure of small mines and the prospects

Conclusion


Chapter 3.
Oil Industry: Institutional Reforms of Oil Industry and formation of a Market Oriented Oil Supply System in China / Changming Li
Introduction
1. An Analysis on the Medium and Near Future Oil Supply Situation in China
2. Institutional Reforms of the Oil Companies
 2-1. Enterprise Reforms
 2-2. Reorganization of the Companies
3. Enterprise Ownership Structure Reform
4. Overseas listing of oil companies
5.Oil Price Reforms
6. The prospects of the oil industry
 6-1. Joining the WTO and the development of the oil industry
 6-2. The development program of the western regions and the development of the oil industry


Chapter 4.
Natural Gas Industry: Evaluation of Resource Endowments and Analysis on Investment Cost / Yingyun Lu
1. Current Status of the Natural Gas Industry
 1-1. Natural Gas Resources
 1-2. Production of natural gas
2. The management and operational mechanism of natural gas industry and the natural gas market
 2-1. The change of management organizations of natural gas industry
 2-2. The construction and operation of natural gas market and the existing problems
 2-3. The international cooperative market of natural gas industry
3. The pipeline transmission system of natural gas
 3-1. The current pipeline transmission system of natural gas
 3-2. A brief introduction to the project to transmit natural gas from western regions to eastern regions
 3-3. An investment cost analysis on a typical long distance natural gas pipeline - Shann-Jing Pipeline
4. The analysis on the prospects of natural gas import
 4-1. The necessity of natural gas import
 4-2. The prospects of natural gas import through pipelines
 4-3. The prospects of liquefied natural gas import
5. Prospects of the development of China's natural gas industry


Chapter 5.
Power Industry: Changes and Prospects of Power Industry That is Transiting to Market Mechanism / Aling Zhang
1. Changes of power industry since China adopted the reforming & opening up policies
2. New problems occurred during the process of changes
 2-1. The challenges of the diversification of energy structure
 2-2. The close attention paid to environmental problems
 2-3. The effects of institutional reforms on power generation cost and on the prices of electricity
 2-4. New trends in power consumption
 2-5. Institutional changes of power companies and the relationship amongst the departments within the power industry
3. A power industry facing the future
 3-1. Changes of internal and external environments
 3-2. The development of clean energies


Chapter 6.
Energy Supply System in Urban Area; Case Studies in Shanghai,Tianjin and Chongqing / Liu Deshun
Introduction
1. Present situation of urban energy supply system in the selected cities
 1-1. Historical evolution of energy supply in the 3 cities
 1-2. Coal dominated energy supply mix
 1-3. Energy supply per capita and energy efficiency
 1-4. Energy price
2. Key issues of the urban energy supply system related to the sustainable development
 2-1. Low energy efficiency and out-of -date energy equipment
 2-2. Serious environmental pollution from energy systems
 2-3. Institutional structure reforming in energy sector toward market economy
 2-4. energy pricing system
 2-5. energy supply security
3. Efficient energy technology options
 3-1. Energy efficiency and pollution control in SME
 3-2. Energy Recovery from Urban Biomass Waste
4. Barriers hindering the marketing of clean and efficient energy technologies
 4-1. Institutional aspect
 4-2. Lack of marketing intensives
 4-3. Weak public awareness and extensive pattern of economic growth
 4-4. Lower energy price system with less external cost internalized
5. Policy and regulations to promote the clean and efficient energy supply
 5-1. Energy price reform
 5-2. Subsidies
 5-3. Regulations
 5-4. Environmental control law
 5-5. Energy conservation law
Conclusion


Chapter 7.
Future Prospects: The Tendency of China's Energy Supply Structure in the 21st Century / Shuhua Gu
1. The energy problem faced by the social economic development
 1-1. The energy consumption volume is growing rapidly, however the energy utilization level is low
 1-2. The limited fossil fuel resources and the uncertain energy supply
 1-3. The coal-centered energy supply structure is facing severe challenges for the sustainable development
 1-4. The limited supply of commercial energy in rural areas also caused ecological environmental changes
2. The strategic objectives of energy development
 2-1. Energy demand and supply relationship underwent material changes under the influences of the market economy
 2-2. The internationalization of energy strategies and the security of energy supply system
 2-3. Environmental protection is the main factor affecting the sustainable development strategies
 2-4. The selection of sustainable development strategies that are realizable in China
3. Projections on the energy demand
 3-1. The primary scenario analysis on projecting the energy demand
 3-2. Main conclusions from above analysis
4. Analysis on improving the energy supply structure
 4-1. The strategic selection of China's energy supply structure
 4-2. The analysis of energy supply structure in the future
5. The optimization of energy structure and the alleviation of greenhouse gas emission

Conclusions