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Centre-Local Economic Relations in China

ASEDP

No.38

Edited by MARUYA Toyojiro
Published in 1996

CONTENTS

Contents pdf (225KB)
China's Regional Development Policy and Its Analysis since the Foundation of New China / Chang Qing, Yuan Dong
1. The division of economic regions and the policy of regional development in China
2. The policy of regional development during the First Five-Year Plan period.
3. The policy of regional development and analysis from the Third Five-Year Plan to the Fourth Five-Year Plan period.
4. China’s Regional Development Policy from 1980s to middle of 1990s.
5. Prospects for regional development policy in the ninth five-year planning and early 21st century.
Bibliography


The Fiscal Relationship Between Central and local Governments in the Process of Fiscal System Reform / Sun Tanzhen, Liang Shuchun
1. Evolution of the Fiscal System
 (1) High centralized Fiscal System in 1950
 (2) Separately Managed Fiscal System with Centralism as the Main From 1951 to 1957
 (3) Contracted Fiscal system With Expanding Local Fiscal Power from 1958-1976
 (4) Experimental Fiscal System Form 1977 to 1979
 (5) Contracted responsibility Fiscal System from 1980 to 1993
 (6) Tax sharing Fiscal System in 1994
2. The Influence of the Fiscal System Reform on the Central-Local Fiscal Relationship
 (1) The Allocation of Fiscal Power Between the Central and Local Governments
 (2) The State’s Revenue and Expenditure structure
3. The Issues and Prospects of the Current Fiscal System
 (1) Issues of the Current Fiscal System
 (2) The Reform prospects of the Fiscal System
References


1. The Importance of the problems of Regional Differences
2. The Nature of the Problem of Regional Differences
3. The Mechanism of the Enlargement of the Differences of Regional Economies
4. The Developmental Dynamics which Reached Inland Areas
5. The Problems of Regional Differences and Regional Policies
References


The Economic Relationship Between Central Government and Henan Province with Special Reference to Finance / Xu Zhiyu, Liu Junhui
Part One
1. The Evolution of Financial Relationships Between the Central Government and Henan Between 1980 to 1993
2. With “the task-undertaking system” as its main characteristic, the financial systematic reform has mobilized the enthusiasm and initiatives of local’s governments in managing financial affairs and developing economy
3. The state have continuously decentralized power and share profits for enterprises, which strengthened the capability of self-development for enterprises
4. Power decentralization and profit sharing for peasants, creating interests for peasant, and stimulating the initiatives of peasants in production development

Part Two Power Decentralization to Regions, which Urged the Region to Develop Advantage Industries and Form A Regional Economy with Henan’s Characteristics
1. Gradual improvement of the economic structure
2. Arrangement of Industrial Regions Becoming Rational
3. Formation of an important transportation and commercial hub Connecting all directions
4. Construction for Commercial and Trade City of Zhengzhou in Good Progress

Part Three The Reform of Power Decentralization and profit Sharing Failed to Establish Standardized Relationships Between the Central and Local Governments, and with the Relative Weakening of Financial Resources of the Central Governments, It is Difficult for The State to Continue to Support Agriculture
1. The Negative Effect on the Financial Task-Undertaking System
2. The Reforms for Purchasing and marketing System of Agricultural and Side-line Products Are Hard to Proceed in the Situation of “Two Difficulties”, Insufficiency of Investment in Agriculture and Decrease of Comparative Interests of Agriculture, Which Directly Affect the Development in Agriculture
3. Insufficient Investment in Agriculture Has Affected Agricultural Development

Part Four The Finance and Tax System Reform with Tax Sharing, and Grain Buying and Selling Price Graded Management had Begun to standardize the Relationship between Central and Local Government
1. The Tax-sharing System Helped to Standardize the Financial and Tax Relationship Between the Central and Local Governments
2. It is favourable for rural agriculture development when provinces have some degree of authority in the price of buying and selling grain



The Economic Relationship Between Central Government and Hunan Province with Special Reference to Finance and Agriculture / Liu Quingxuan, Tang Zi
1. The Economic and Financial Relationship between The Central Government and Hunan Province
 (1) Evolutionary Process in Financial Relationships between the Central Government and Hunan province since Economic Reform and Open Door Policy
 (2) Main Characteristics of Financial and Economic Relationship between the Central Government and Hunan Province in the Tax-Sharing System
 (3) The Impact of Readjustment on the Economic Relationships between the Central Government and Hunan Province over Hunan Finance
 (4) Dome Suggestion on Readjustment of Financial and Economic Relationships between the Central and the Local Government
2. The Economic Relationship in Agriculture between the Central Government and Hunan Province
 (1) The Main Achievements in Agriculture Hunan Province has Made for the Country
 (2) The Main Problems in Agricultural Relationships between the Central Government and Hunan Province
 (3) Suggestions on Adjustment of Relationships between the Central Government and Hunan Province in Agriculture

The Economic Relationship Between Central Government and Guangdong Province with Special Reference to Finance / Wang Xueming
1. The Courses and Contents of the Adjustment of Economic Administrative Rights between The Central Government and Guangdong Local Government
 (1) The course of the Central government’s right releasing experienced three periods:
 (2) The main contents of the Central government released the rights to Guangdong:
2. The Effect and Problems of Adjusting the Economic Relations between the Central Government and Guangdong Province. Since 1979, the Central Government’s Reforms on Releasing the Rights that have Made Guangdong’s Economy considerably Growth
3. The Establish of New Economic Relations between the Central and Local Governments
 (1) Firstly, market should be the basis for resources allocation instead of the old way of unduly highlycentralized planned system
 (2) Power and responsibility should be symmetrical between the Central and local governments
 (3) The right should be divided reasonably to stimulate the Central and local government’s enthusiasm
 (4) Define the concrete right’s of local government on managing economy
 (5) Accelerate Administrative Organization Reform Paces to Promote Their Efficiency
 (6) Let Laws Guarantee Equal Competition


The Economic Relationship Between Central Government and Shanghai Province with Special Reference to Finance / Chen Jiahai
1. Changes in the financial system
2. The scale of Shanghai’s income and payment for central government7s expenditure
3. The local proportional income and payment expenditure to central parts of Shanghai local financial income
4. The relationship among financial relations, price systems, and industrial investment policy